Genetics contributes to Haglund’s deformity to a certain extent. These hereditary foot structures play a role in the development of Haglund’s deformity:
- A foot with high arches.
- Tension in the Achilles tendon.
- The tendency to walk on the outside of the heel.
- Haglund’s deformity may occur in one or both feet with symptoms such as:
- A bony protrusion on the back of the heel.
- Pain in the area where the Achilles tendon attaches to the heel.
- Swelling in the back of the heel.
- Redness around the inflamed tissue.
When diagnosing Haglund’s deformity, Dr. Radovic will assess your symptoms and examine your foot. Dr. Radovic will order x-rays to supplement his evaluation of the structure of the heel bone.
The goal of non-surgical treatment for Haglund’s deformity is to reduce the inflammation of the bursa. These treatments are often successful at resolving pain and inflammation, but will not reduce the bony protrusion.
Non-surgical options may include one or more of the following:
Ibuprofen, aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) might be recommended to reduce pain and inflammation.
Ice may be applied to reduce swelling. Apply a bag of ice covered with a thin towel to the affected area. Leave ice on the area for 20 minutes, then wait at least 40 minutes before icing again.
Stretching exercises help reduce tension in the Achilles tendon, and can be beneficial especially for patients with a tight heel cord.
Patients with high arches can wear heel lifts inside the shoe to reduce pressure on the heel.
Heel pads worn inside the shoe cushion the heel to help reduce irritation when walking.
Modifying shoe gear by wearing backless or soft backed shoes can help minimize or relieve irritation.
Physical therapy exercises or ultrasound may help to decrease inflammation.
Custom orthotic devices provide arch support and help control foot motion.
Immobilization, sometimes including casting, may be necessary.
Surgery may be required for patients who feel inadequate pain relief from non-surgical treatments. Dr. Radovic will determine the most suitable surgical treatment for each individual case. Patients should make sure to follow post-operative care as instructed by Dr. Radovic.
Patients may prevent Haglund’s deformity from recurring by:
- Wearing proper shoe gear, and avoiding shoes with a rigid heel back.
- Wearing arch supports or custom orthotic devices.
- Doing stretching exercises as instructed to prevent tension in the Achilles tendon.
- Avoiding running at inclines or on hard surfaces.